Globalisation is the way in which the world is becoming ever more interconnected as a result of increased trade and cultural exchange. It is a global connectivity that has cultural effects and individual impacts. Although, there is some debates that question whether globalization is a positive or negative force. However, out of both of the negative and positive effects, I have come to believe that the positive results outweigh the negative.
Global cultural flows can be broken up into five categories:
- Ethnoscapes specifies the movement or shift of individuals throughout cultures and nations.
- Technoscapes looks at how the rapid movement of technology and its affects around the globe.
- Finanscapes relates to the economy, currency, stock and flow of capitol.
- Ideoscapes looks at different nations common and conflicting ideologies in regards to beliefs, cultures, and individuals.
- Mediascapes connect individuals globally through media outlets such as TV, newspapers, and social media sites.
Ethnoscapes, being the movement of individuals across nations, has impacted how people see the world. It allows travellers to learn and see into other nations cultures and their values, and encourage them to explore different foods, fashions, and ways of life. Take food for example. If you were to go into any major shopping center, you would have such a diverse range of multicultural foods like; Italian pizza and pasta, Indian curries, Mexican nachos or burritos, and even the French have introduced eating snails… All these foods are available because of globalization, and the results of individuals exploring different aspects of different cultures and traditions. This is such a positive about globalization, allowing people to have the option to discover and learn about such different traditions.
But some believe that because of globalization, ancient cultures or traditions are losing their roots and meaning. Some traditional clothing or makings are becoming a teen fad, or just a costume to wear to a dress up party. People wear and attempt to embrace a certain identity without regards to its cultural and traditional importance. Is globalization tarnishing these cultures by allowing these traditions to become nothing more than a fashion trend to a different nation? Even some religions are being stereotyped. After the Martin Place siege of December 15th 2014, people began to stereotype the Muslim religion because of the panic that the siege caused. Through mediascapes (the use of media) the hashtag #illridewithyou trended around 12000 tweets in support of Muslims who no longer felt safe because of the panic that the siege had caused.
Affects of globalization can sometimes negatively impact on cultural traditions out of individual naivety, but it can also expand cultural awareness and knowledge, and bring people together out of compassion and common intersts. Globalization has proved to have positive and negative outcomes, but at the end of the day it is a connectivity that brings humanity together.
Do you think that Globalisation has more positive or negative factors?
Hogan, 2010, Appadurai’s 5-scapes, Available from: < https://www.amherst.edu/academiclife/departments/courses/1011F/MUSI/MUSI-04-1011F/blog/node/229354 >
Ann Yi, 2008, Globalisation, Available from: < http://globalisation.tumblr.com >
Ruppert, 2014, Martin Place siege: #illridewithyou hashtag goes viral, Available from: < http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/martin-place-siege-illridewithyou-hashtag-goes-viral-20141215-127rm1.html >
Bibby, Hall, 2015, Martin Place siege pulls back the veil on what happened, Available from: < http://www.smh.com.au/national/martin-place-siege-inquest-pulls-back-the-veil-on-what-happened-20150129-131ejb.html >